There’s a lot of buzz in the personal finance blogosphere on what’s considered early retirement.
People get somewhat opinionated over whether someone should be considered retired if they still generate income through a side hustle or non-passive means.
Since a lot of my articles refer to financial independence and early retirement, I figured it would be good for me to weigh in on the subject.
That way, I can always link back to this article, any time I’m trying to explain what I mean by early retirement or financial independence.
I consider financial independence to be a fairly straightforward concept. It’s the ability to live off passive income for a set period. It means you don’t need a job to maintain your lifestyle, or a side-hustle or any other means of generating labor-intensive income.
That financial independence could be based on a pile of cash, income from investments, or even social security or a pension. The extent to which your financial independence status lasts will be primarily based on the size of your stash, the amount of risk you take (or don’t), and your lifestyle.
Plan wisely, and you can hang on to that status almost indefinitely. Play it lose, and you could find yourself losing this precious status symbol.
You can have a financially independent person with investable assets of $100K or one that requires $10 Million. It all depends on their circumstances and lifestyles. I happen to need around $2 Million to claim the status.
If you’re still working a day job, or side hustling or running a business, you can still be considered financially independent. But only if the income from those activities is inconsequential to maintaining your lifestyle.
You can be financially independent without being retired.
Traditional retirement is also a concept that's understood by most. It usually means the end of one's dependence on a conventional source of income.
That source of income could have been a career, job, business, or even actively managing investments. It's meant to be a transition. From spending most of your time on activities dictated by your income-producing commitments. To a period where you have the freedom to choose how your time is spent.
A precursor for retirement usually is financial independence, although it's clear many people are ill-prepared for that period of their life.
In my opinion, you can't be considered retired if you're still actively generating income unless that income is not necessary to maintain your desired lifestyle. This means side hustles, part-time work, and similar income-producing activities are fair game in retirement.
You can be retired and still generate income, as long as you're financially independent.
What’s Considered Early Retirement
What distinguishes traditional retirement from early retirement is simply timing. I find this one pretty easy to define.
What we need is a proper and current baseline of when the majority of people retire. Thankfully the LIMRA Secure Retirement Institute has done all the hard work on when most people retire in the US. This data will naturally continue to change over time as people live longer.
This MONEY article found that half of Americans retire between the age of 61-65, with 82% retiring after the age of 60.
Only 18% of individuals retire before the age of 60.
And only 5% of individuals retire before the age of 55.
What's fascinating is that only 1% of individuals retire before the age of 50. That's the type of 1%er I want to be!
Based on this data, I would classify anyone retiring before the age of 60 as an early retiree. Those retiring before the age of 55 would be considered extreme retirees.
Those early retired folks are getting a considerable discount on their freedom.
Like traditional retirement, you can be early retired and still generate income, as long as you're financially independent.
It's no wonder there's a bit of stigma associated with early retirees. Especially those under the age of 55. The chances that someone will ever meet or come across one of those individuals is rare.
This leads to quite a bit of ignorance around how most people have achieved such a significant accomplishment. And to a certain extent, maybe even some hostility. All you have to do is read through some of the comments on mainstream personal finance news outlets that highlight early retirees in a given article. Those comments are a window into how stigmatized this subject still is.
Since I'm pretty entrenched in the FIRE community via this blog, I've grown accustomed to reading about all sorts of people achieving financial independence and early retirement. As a result, the concept has become relatively normalized in my mind.
I've also realized that what I'm really chasing is financial independence at this stage of my life. Early retirement will be a natural outcome once I hit that milestone. Of course, I want to claim my freedom as early as possible. Based on the data shared here, it seems like having the option to retire before the age of 50 would put me in rarefied company.